When it comes to your health and the optimal numbers your body should show, you should really know those numbers and what they mean because they can tell you a lot of things about your health.
Experts say you should focus on these health numbers.
Your Blood Pressure
High blood pressure is commonly known as the ‘’silent killer’’. The blood pressure tells the pressure in your arteries between and during your heartbeats. The ideal blood pressure is 120/80, but it is better to have low blood pressure than high. You should have frequent annual checks if you have higher risk for heart issues.
The cholesterol is composed of LDL (bad) and HDL (good) type of cholesterol. When added together their score should be no more than 200. So, you should aim to keep your LDL cholesterol below 100, and your HDL cholesterol above 60. When you maintain those numbers, you will have lower risk of any heart issue. Again, you should have frequent annual checks if you have higher risk for heart issues.
Women are more prone to experience problems with the thyroid gland than men. Common thyroid symptoms include weight loss, exhaustion, chronic pain, or constipation. The TSH is the most reliable hormone to measure the health of your thyroid gland. The TSH should be between 0.4-4.5 mU/L. If you feel the above mentioned symptoms you should do the TSH test. Even if you don’t feel any symptoms you should do an annual check.
Your Blood Sugar Levels
The blood sugar test is known as the ‘’A1C’’ test. This test assesses the measure of glucose which circulates in your bloodstream. When you are healthy the amount of glucose is regulated, but when it breaks down you have risk for becoming diabetic. You should aim for 5.7 or less of A1C score. If your score is between the ranges of 5.7 and 6.4 you are considered as pre-diabetic. Your doctor will surely recommend some diet changes and physical activities to restore those levels into normal ones.
Your Bone Mineral Density
This type of test will measure your bone density, which will alter help your doctor to determine any osteoporosis risks or fractures. The score should be somewhere between 1 and -1. If your score shows different numbers, it means that you either have osteoporosis or low bone mass. People who have had bone fractures, have a family history of issues with the bones, or are older than 65 should have an annual check.
Your Waist Circumference
You should measure your waist just around your belly button. If you have a waist larger than 35 inches, you have higher risk for developing diabetes, heart disease, or metabolic syndrome. You should measure it couple of times per year. If you see that it is slowly increasing, you may also be at a higher risk for developing breast cancer.
Your Complete Blood Count
This test is commonly known as the CBC. It assesses the quantities of your white and red blood cells, platelets, haemoglobin, and other markers. This type of test can tell if you are anemic or have an infection. It is recommended to do an annual check. If you suffer from iron deficiency, you should do it more often.
More Important Numbers
These figures are the most important ones for your health. However, there are others you should know such as the liver function test or the creatine test which assesses the kidney function. These tests depend on your risk factors for diseases and age.